Thursday, March 21, 2013

Lifelong Learning: Engaging for future betterment

This year is similar as previous event five or ten years ago. Even though, this year has special meaning to us to facilitate lifelong learning. We had some experiences in vain to conduct every single policy making, policy implementations either policy evaluation.

During last three years, we find something to think about deeply as Sobhi Tawil (2012) indication that global development continues, education program relevance is strongly needed, education future perspective is a must as a global strategic on education to anticipate emerging trends.

Accordingly, we are expected in the future to smooth the progress of learning in every circumstance of Indonesian people who live in different area whether villagers, either urban peoples. From the east region in Sabang, Sumatra island to west region in Papua, from the north to the south of the country.

Learning as we seem in the near future has many functions, namely aimed to equip youth competencies. Learning also has to be synergy into multiple settings and at any time along with people living in daily practices. Those means learning has to accomplish a local context and consider diversity of learners.

Undoubtedly, learning in the early child offers golden age can be cultivate as expected, but this is not enough for the whole everyone’s living when change is assault in every corner. Change is produced by new technologies and gadgets availability. This change can be obtained from the kitchen until the living room, from example wood fire stove change became gas stove even coal stove, those requires adaptive mechanism. School population (Siagian,1961:61) has their right to accomplish the mechanism through classroom during school time activities. On the other hand, out-of-school community who leave five year or more, their right can not be neglected to answer and perform the adaptive mechanism.

In many reason, school leaver as out-of-school community are rare willing to enroll as student of certain formal school, but they are still must learn something in surrounding. Thus, school curriculum just merely offers limited learning matter rather than ‘out-of-school’ curricula. All over the world, average year of schooling adults is 5 year old and 246 million children out of school are remain at primary level of education. In the Europe, average 30.2 student attitude dislike of school either 51.6 % feel boring. These reflections bring a clear message, to capture the future better, education has emerged in life long (see figure 1).

According to the figure above, anyone can accomplish school education around 30 years old to come to an end post graduate degree, but the most people less than 20 years old are leaving the school. The rest time of some living offers opportunity to learn, and also enhance their education through informatics (Tinsley in Sandov dan Stanchev, 1988: 81).

Basically our view sees education merely attached in the school environment. This is extremely right compelling to school community but differ than out-of-school community. In fact, the whole way of live attracts a broad view of education as show in the figure 2.

Then the future will welcome us not into the school system exclusively. Compulsory basic education even higher education just merely only a part of the education system. Practically, most of our resources are spent into school business which only working with a small portion of community.  
Keep on follow the pathway
Indonesia is one of the global communities. Land, people and government are interacting one another both internally within the country either externally among other countries, see figure 3 below.

Small on the map but far on the foot, Indonesia has more than 13.000 islands consist of 33 provinces, 497 municipals/regencies, 75.244 villages. Indonesia belong to 300 ethnic groups and 680 local dialects. Those are still not represent Indonesia as 4th populated country (245.6 millions) and 6th largest country (1,826 sq km) which rural population still in the most (54%, 114 million) while urban population is only 46% (106 million). This rural population places the country on 3rd among 193 countries in the world. Indonesia also has internet user more than 13 million (rank 21 among 190 country). Unfortunately, female unemployment still reach 12.9 % above male (8.1%). Indonesia is between Australia continent and Asia continent also between Indian ocean and Pacific ocean. Honestly, Indonesia has a warm friend neighbor within south Asian countries, that is our main concern to stay collide into ASEAN.

In 2010, Indonesia population pyramid is shown on the figure 4 below.

Our density is placed on 87 among 256 countries over the world which 118.32 per sq km equal to 7.69 sq km per 1,000 people.

In 2012, Indonesia illiteracy rate remain 4.43 % (6.7 million), 5 provinces have more than an half million illiterate, 33 regencies populated by more than 50 thousand illiterate. Regrettably, 2/3 illiterate is woman (4,46 million). Indonesia reading habit rank is 57 over 65 countries according to Program for International Student Assessment (PISA,2009), while face book and twitter user place on 4th and TV viewers percentage is increasing bit by bit.

Need to revitalize
Let we put school as exclusive part of other expert discussion and we turn on to the other awesome terrain. If we can imagine school community as fishpond which has similar milkfish then we now come to the ocean consist of many different fish namely jelly fish, dolphin, tuna, mackerel, even whale. These ocean fishes are representing to out of school community member, which determine a method of catching, and post harvest production.

Not only merely school that make learning happen, people are know better Community Learning Activity Center (CLAC) (Royani,2008:93) in Indonesia called as Pusat Kegiatan Belajar Masyarakat (PKBM), we have 10.0025 office of PKBM in 2012. Thailand around 2005 has record 6680 CLC called SoonKarnLearnRoo ChumChon at sub district level in 76 provinces and Vietnam until January 2003 has 700 CLC’s (Hardiyanto, 2010).

CLC has been a part of Asian community history and their modern living that contribute learning mode. Around us, Cina has a first CLC in Gansu, Guang Xi, famously known as 亚运村文体中心 (Ya Yun Cun Wen Ti Zhong Xin = Community Center for Sport and literacy) (Hardiyanto, 2005:9). Bangladesh named CLC as Ganokendra. Papua New Guinea ran CLC as piloting in East Sipik province. Uzbekistan has six provinces run CLC (UNESCO Bangkok, 2003:3-8). Even in Japan CLC famously known as Kominkan (SED dan ACCU, 2008:16) which has function to make community live ease to find respective education to accomplish social, academic and culture that contributes toward health improvement, conserve daily cultures and develop social welfare.

From now on, our task is to keep follow on our history pathway to make learning has its time and space along with whether global development either rural development in small scale. CLC is one of any means that provide learning as possible rather than traditional school in rural community.

Thinking about rural development is the resultant of many interacting forces. Education must be one of them – education taking many forms and touching many people (Israel:1974:14). CLC find proper contribution as learning provider engage with human capital stock both in rural and urban area. Indonesia has majority rural population (54%) still deal with :
1. CLC Institutional Quality Improvement
2. Thematic CLC linked to local resource
3. Education for Community Empowerment in Papua
4. Self Propelling Growth Communities
5. ECCE Universal through parenting education (20,42%)
6. Community Library employ, 10 in every municipal / regency (2011, 36 %)
7. CLC and LRC synergy
8. CLC Registration Number (2011, 56 %)

Furthermore, we are happy to let you know recent condition on community education program in national level as table below:

In the future, we still fight to make learning is possible as answer to capture every new challenges. Our main challenging is shown in the table 4 below.

Basic Literacy programs current achieved 6,730,682 persons and targeted 133,320 persons additional in 2013, literacy for small enterprise 144,050 persons, literacy for entrepreneur 100 institutions (2012) proposed by 20 institutions (2013), community library, piloting 6,620 institutions (2012) and more 310 institutions (2013), woman Life skill 3,000 persons (2012) increase become 7,000 persons (2013), folklore, mother and children newspaper 280 institutions (2012) added by 68 institutions (2013), common learning spot & smart house 110 institutions (2012) added by 30 institutions (2013)(Ditbindikmas,2012)

Lastly, we are still learning to anticipate the near future in oru community, our region, our neighbor and our global community. There is still remain any school provide our learning need, just only our need encompass our curricula for future betterment.

Just imagine, those people in the rural area that willing to capture every moment in the future and require recent learning on certain matter. None perfect answer unless we provide learning time and space ease.

By this time, as new perspective of community education emerges learning opportunity is a real business of education, as national level policy, we suggest several recommendation beneath
 NFE Program and Personnel exchanges
 Learning aids and matter reciprocations
 NFE policy study and formulations
 National Institute for NFE


Ditbindikmas (2012) Capaian Kinerja 2012. Direktorat Pembinaan Pendidikan Masyarakat. Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Non Formal dan Informal. Jakarta.
Hardiyanto, Edy (2005) Menurut Siapa?PKBM tidak ada di Cina?. Gita Setra: Himbauan Dari dan Untuk Lapangan. Edisi Juni 2005. Th XXIII Nomor 64.
------------ (2010). Evaluation of Model Implementation of Nonformal Education Village Management. Thesis of Development Studies. Bandung Institute of Technology.
Royani, (2008). The Role of Community Learning Activity Center (CLAC) in Establishing Network for Improving Human Development Index of Fishermen Community in Kandanghaur Sub-District, Indramayu Regency dalam Directorate of Non-formal Teacher and Education Personnel. The Greatest Achievement of Non-formal Teacher and Education Personnel. Directorate General of Quality Improvement for Teacher and Education Personnel – Ministry of National Education.
Sandov, Blagovest and Ivan Stanchev (Ed.) (1988) Children hildren in the Information Age: Opportunities for Creativity, Innovation and New Activities. Selected Papers from the Second International Conference, Sofia, Bulgaria, 19-23 May 1987. Oxford Pergamon Press.
Siagian, S.P. (1981). Sistem Informasi untuk Pengambilan Keputusan. Cetakan VI. Jakarta: Gunung Agung.
Oyasu, Kiichi (2007) Expanding Learning and Time Space, Systematic Resource Development and Capacity Building Presentation, Hanoi – Vietnam September 2 – 5.
Tawil, Sobhi (2012) Beyond 2015: Perspectives for the Future of Education. UNESCO
UNESCO Bangkok. (2003). CLCs Community Learning Centres. Bangkok: APPEAL.


way2 college said...

NICE BLOG!!! Education is the process of bringing desirable change into the behavior of human beings. It can also be defined as the “Process of imparting or acquiring knowledge or habits through instruction or study”. Thanks for sharing a nice information.
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Hardy said...

education is also knowledge formation belong to the community member, so it is occur not merely in the formal school but also during out-of-school interactions.

But still Human Development Index prefers like to calculate school attainment rather than learning time obtain.